Tetras are amongst the most popular aquarium fishes. There are probably more than 150 distinct species of tetra from which the aquarist may choose and this includes a large number of visually stunning fishes that are bound to enhance any home aquarium.
Is the Ornate Tetra a good community fish? The Ornate Tetra should be considered to be an excellent community fish and gets on with most species. It is tolerant of a wide range of water chemistry and should also be considered to be an ideal species for relatively inexperienced aquarists. The male is distinguishable by having longer fins. Females tend to be plumper than males.
|Common name(s)||Ornate Tetra – also known as:|
False Rosy Tetra
White Fin Bentosi Tetra
White Fin Ornate Tetra
White Tip Tetra
|Scientific name||Hyphessobrycon bentosi|
|Originate from||Amazon Basin in Brazil and Peru in South America|
|Care required||Easy to care for and hugely popular|
|Temperament||Placid, shoaling fish|
|Colour & Form||Silver, almost transparent body with Red and black fins sometimes tipped with white|
|Lifespan||Up to 5 years|
|Adult size||Up to 3 inches but generally around 2 inches|
|Diet||Omnivorous – eat aquatic insect larvae in nature|
|Aquarium size||24 inches in length or greater|
|Compatible with||Most other Tetras, Barbs, Danios, Guppies and other livebearers, dwarf cichlids, smaller Gouramis, catfish and loaches|
|Avoid keeping with||Large and/or aggressive species|
|Breeding||Easy if you put the fish in the right environment.|
|Water temp||73 – 82 Fahrenheit|
|Water pH||6.6 to 7.8|
|Water hardness (dGH or dH)||Up to 12 dGH|
Origins of the Ornate Tetra
Tetras, as a “family” of fishes belonging to the biological family Characidae are found in nature in Africa, Central America and South America.
The Ornate Tetra originates in sluggish tributaries at the Amazon Basin in Brazil and Peru in South America. The vast majority of Ornate Tetras available to aquarists are captive-bred. Ornate Tetras are often mistaken for Rosy Tetras but, whilst being related, they are a distinct species.
Characteristics of the Ornate Tetra
As you can see, the Ornate Tetra is characterized by its pale, silver body and rosy-coloured finnage, from which its name is derived. It will grow to up to 3 inches in the aquarium (but generally grows to around 2 inches or thereabouts) and live for around five years. The Ornate Tetra is also known by the following names:
- Bentos Tetra
- False Rosy Tetra
- White Fin Bentosi Tetra
- White Fin Ornate Tetra
- White Tip Tetra
The Ornate Tetra should be kept in water that is relatively neutral (within one degree either side of pH 7.0).
The Ornate Tetra is a shoaling fish and should be kept as a group of at least six fish, though a shoal of, say, ten or more fish is highly recommended. Having plenty of vegetation to break up lines of sight will also help to protect your Ornate Tetras from predation but it is obviously advised that Ornate Tetras are not kept with predatory species.
The body of the Ornate Tetra is a pale silver, almost transparent in colour. The eyes are remarkable in that there is a black band running down them from top to bottom and “through” the pupil and a red arc around the pupil over the top half.
The Ornate Tetra has a pinkish patch behind the gill plate which is not present in the Rosy Tetra.
The dorsal and anal fins of the male are elongated when compared with the female, which makes the sexes easier to distinguish. The female is also plumper than the male. With the exception of the dorsal fin, the fins of the Ornate Tetra and its close variants are generally clear (hyaline) though may have red pigmentation patches.
The dorsal fin of the Ornate Tetra includes a black patch and may also be tipped with white. Variants of the Ornate Tetra (cited above) may not have the same dorsal fin colouring.
The adipose fin, as well as the pectoral fins, are quite unremarkable.
The Ornate Tetra has a deeper body than, for example, a Neon Tetra and the female has a slightly deeper body than the male and also a rounder body, especially when gravid (carrying eggs). The colouring of the male tends to be fuller and richer than that of the female, especially as spawning approaches.
The Ornate Tetra tends to inhabit the middle and upper areas of the aquarium (top to bottom). That said, it is a vigorous fish when breeding and will readily traverse the entire aquarium.
The Ornate Tetra is, by nature, a shoaling fish and it is generally recommended to purchase six or more fish, as their nature is to swim together as a shoal and they will tend to thrive much better as a shoal. Ornate Tetras are excellent community fish and are ideal for aquarists with moderate experience, as they don’t tend to have aggressive tendencies towards other species. It is advised not to include Ornate Tetras in an aquarium containing predatory species, as their wellbeing will rapidly deteriorate.
Ornate Tetras, like most rainforest species, prefer a shaded tank, as they can hide from predation, so consider including floating leaves and/or allowing vegetation to grow so that it floats on the surface of the water to provide shade. They are used to habitats that include decomposing wood and vegetation, which tends to make the water brown (the effects of tannins) and acidic but seem equally happy in clear water.
It is generally advised that the minimum tank size for Ornate Tetras should be one of 24 inches in length or more due to the shoaling nature of the species, which will enable a small shoal to move around freely. The tank should be well-planted but with clear areas where the fish can swim freely. The water should only have gentle movement.
Ornate Tetras prefer fairly neutral water with a pH of 6.6 to 7.8 with a temperature range between 73 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit and up to 12 dGH.
The general rule for Tetras is that by keeping six or more of the same species in an aquarium they will be fully aware of which is male and which is female and they will act accordingly.
Most (but not all) Tetras have an additional fin which identifies them as being Tetras and the Ornate Tetra is no exception. If you look between the dorsal fin and the caudal (tail) fin of the Ornate Tetra you will observe a tiny, additional fin, known as the adipose fin. The purpose of this fin is not fully understood but, if it is present on a freshwater tropical fish then you can be pretty certain that the fish is a Tetra.
Tetra comes from the Greek word “Tetragonopterus” which means square-finned and appears to relate to the four fins on vertical plane of the fish (dorsal, adipose, caudal and anal fins) which span the central line of the fish (when viewed from above or below, front or rear) and are not present as a pair (e.g. the pectoral or pelvic fins).
Ornate Tetra – Video
How do Ornate Tetras breed?
Tetras, in general, will scatter eggs by laying them over fine plants such as Cabomba, Fontanalis or Java Moss.
Ornate Tetras, like most species, are noted to leap above the water surface during breeding and in general, so it is advised that the tank should be covered to mitigate the risk of losing fish.
As the female Ornate Tetra becomes ripe with eggs, the difference between the sexes becomes even more evident. If you plan to attempt to breed Ornate Tetras then it is recommended that you have a breeding tank prepared. Such a tank can be empty but you may wish to include a mesh or grid under which the fertilized eggs will fall and/or a sterilized breeding mop.
That said, Ornate Tetras will breed in a community tank and, if the tank is well planted, it is likely that at least a few fry may survive to reach adulthood.
Some say that a novice may find it difficult to breed Ornate Tetras but, in my experience, by understanding the conditions that are ideal for breeding, most species will breed quite readily, as it is natural for them so to do and, in general, nature finds a way.
The female will swim vigorously around the tank and, if you include two males then they will encourage her to lay her eggs by bumping into her. She will lay her slightly adhesive eggs which will immediately be fertilized by the male(s) and will either stick to plants or spawning mop or will fall to the bottom of the tank (preferably through the mesh or trap). Once spawning is complete, remove the adults, as they are likely to consume the eggs, given the chance, and take no further parental responsibility.
Spawning usually takes place in the early morning. In nature, Ornate Tetras spawn at the start of the rainy season.
Breeding tank for Ornate Tetras
You should prepare a tank of around 20 gallons in size with mature water. The water should be at a pH of around 6.5 to 7.0, a dGH of not more than 4 and, ideally around 75 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit with a low level of light.
You may wish to introduce mosquito larvae or bloodworm as an inducement to reproduction.
The female will swim amongst the plants, laying her eggs whilst the male will swim alongside or behind her and fertilize the eggs as they are laid. Typically, the female can lay around about 100 eggs during a spawning, which may adhere to plants or will sink to the bottom of the tank.
Once the female has scattered her eggs and the male has fertilized at least some of them then the adults should be removed carefully from the breeding tank because they will have nothing more to do with the eggs but they may simply eat them.
Keep the lights off and the tank dark because Tetra eggs and fry are particularly sensitive to the light.
The eggs will hatch typically in a day or so depending on tank temperature and conditions and the fry will become free-swimming after around three to four days after hatching. Keep the tank unlit for the first week or so then gradually increase the lighting.
The newly hatched fry will firstly feed on their yolk sac but, once free-swimming, can be fed infusoria (particularly rotifers) and will also thrive on egg yolk during the first two to four weeks. It is worth mentioning that immediately after hatching, fry seem quite vigorous but will soon go into a resting state before they become free-swimming so please don’t mistake this initial stage as being free-swimming.
After around four days or so add baby brine shrimp. Once the fry are sufficient in size not to be treated as a snack then they can be introduced into the community tank where they will join the existing shoal. Before moving the adolescent fish into the community tank ensure that you have balanced the water temperatures to mitigate the risk of White Spot or other diseases being triggered.
Should your Ornate Tetras have a special diet for breeding?
Adult Ornate Tetras don’t need any particular inducement to breed. That said, it has been suggested that adding mosquito larva may encourage them, presumably because the addition of a new food may “fool” the fish into thinking that it is breeding time. From my own experience, I would always recommend keeping all of your fish in the best possible condition at all times, as this is good for the wellbeing of your fish.